Canadian Underwriter

Sceintists called on to counter bioterrorism risk

February 27, 2006   by Canadian Underwriter

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In a report released Feb. 27, “DNA for Peace: Reconciling Biodevelopment and Biosecurity,” experts at the Canadian Program on Genomics and Global Health (CPGGH), part of the University of Toronto’s Joint Centre for Bioethics (JCB), calls for a global network of scientists to keep vigil against the misuse of biotechnology science and therefore counter bioterrorist efforts.
The report, online at, calls on world leaders who will meet at the G8 meeting in July 2006 to establish a global network to help resolve potential conflicts between bioterrorism control and biotechnology development.
The CPGGH warns that global efforts to combat bioterrorism are on a potential collision course with legitimate biotechnology pursuits that hold the promise of improving life for millions of the world’s poorest people.
“The need to foster bioscience for development, and the pursuit of biosecurity are in a delicate balance,” study co-author Peter A. Singer, MD, says. “Our report says: lead with biodevelopment, and biosecurity will follow. Lead with biosecurity, and we may end up with neither. It recommends industrialized countries invest in scientific facilities and personnel abroad, to gain legitimacy to also ensure that those facilities, and bioscience facilities more generally, take appropriate precautions against science misuse.”
The CPGGH report says investing in and fostering biotechnology development internationally building the capacity to discover new vaccines or drugs to combat HIV-AIDS and malaria, for example, to reduce pollution or improve crop yields will create the environment and conditions within which to fight bioterrorism, especially in the developing world, by building the network of experts needed to spot attempts to misuse the science.
The report was based in part on results of a November workshop that convened 29 international experts at the New York Academy of Sciences. The workshop was funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Ontario Research and Development Challenge Fund, Genome Canada, and the Ontario Genomics Institute. It builds upon a January 2006 recommendation from a US National Academies committee of which Dr. Singer was a member for the promotion of a common culture of awareness, and a shared sense of responsibility to prevent misuse within the global community of scientists.
The G-8, working with heads of state from the developing world, is in the best position to help ensure that a strong global community of scientists is created to protect against the potential risks that could result from carelessness or misuse with respect to this science, co-author Abdallah S. Daar, MD, adds. Daar is a member of the African Union’s High-Level Biotechnology Panel, director of ethics and policy at the McLaughlin Centre for Molecular Medicine and co-director with Dr. Singer of the CPGGH
Co-author Elizabeth Dowdeswell, former UN Under Secretary-General and executive director of UNEP, says that unlike highly guarded nuclear science, much of biotechnology science is freely disseminated in open literature and its pursuit requires relatively little capital investment.
“So much of bioscience information is in the public domain. We cannot create an agency to inspect tens of thousands of biotech labs around the world. What we can do, indeed the one strategy that makes sense, is to expand and illuminate the pursuit of this science, to enhance its transparency worldwide.”
“This global dispersion of science mandates a global approach to ensuring the science is not misused, intentionally or carelessly, to fuel next generation bio-weapons,” Dr. Singer says. “Bioterrorists require darkness to succeed. The global network approach we advocate will shine as much light as possible on this science to increase its use to fight disease and hunger and reduce the risk of it being used with malevolent intent.”
“In effect we are calling for an ‘IAEA of biotechnology’ — not with a team of IAEA-type inspectors, though, but an expanding global network of scientists,” Dr. Singer continues.

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